Vol. 12, No. 1, 33-43, 2013

A GIS-based flash flood runoff model using high resolution DEM and meteorological data
Evangelia Gioti, Chrisoula Riga, Kleomenis Kalogeropoulos, and Christos Chalkias

Natural hazards are historically a substantial threat to the progress and development of human communities. Floods hold a dominant position among these specific phenomena due to their fre-quent occurrence as well as their large spatial spread. Certainly, the aforementioned facts become more visible under the light of the assessment of the dramatic effects brought about by their occur-rence. Consequently, the need to deal with the impact of floods on human communities with an effective way leads to a systematic involvement of the international scientific community on the subject of "Management of Natural Hazards".

The present study describes an attempt to model surface runoff in a typical ungauged basin, which is directly related to catastrophic flood events, by creating a system based on GIS technology. The main object was to construct a direct unit hydrograph for an excess rainfall by estimating the stream flow response at the outlet of a watershed. Specifically, the methodology was based on the creation of a spatial database in GIS environment and on data editing. Moreover, rainfall time-series data came from Hellenic National Meteorological Service and they were processed in order to calculate flow time and the runoff volume. Apart from the meteorological data, background data such as topography, drainage network, land cover and geological data were also collected. A high resolution DEM was of great importance in order to achieve the final result. The study area is the sub-basin of Archaia Olympia (Kladeos sub-basin) in Greece, and the examined event occurred on February 5th, 2012.

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DOI: 10.12760/01-2013-1-04

Submitted: 23 Jan 2013
Revised: 8 Apr 2013
Accepted: 11 Apr 2013
Published: 8 May 2013
Responsible editor: Kostas Nikolakopoulos

Gioti E, C Riga, K Kalogeropoulos & C Chalkias, 2013. A GIS-based flash flood runoff model using high resolution DEM and meteorological data. EARSeL eProceedings, 12(1): 33-43


EARSeL European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories, Strasbourg, France


BIS Library and Information System, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg


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